Salmi HA, Sarna S. Effect of silymarin on
chemical, functional and morphological alterations of the liver. A double-blind
Scand J Gastroenterol.
Feher J, Desk G, Muzes G,
et al. Liver protective action of silymarin therapy in chronic alcoholic liver
diseases [in Hungarian].
Fintelmann V, Albert A.
Proof of the therapeutic efficacy of LegalonW for toxic liver illnesses in a
double-blind trial [translated from German].
Trinchet JC, Coste T, Levy VG, et al. Treatment of alcoholic
hepatitis with silymarin. A double-blind comparative study in 116 patients
[translated from French].
Gastroenterol Clin Biol.
Hirsch SB, Petermann MT, et al. Controlled study of the effect of silymarin on
alcoholic liver disease [translated from Spanish].
McClain CJ, Hill DB, Song Z, et al.
S-Adenosylmethionine, cytokines, and alcoholic liver disease.
Abittan CS, Lieber CS. Alcoholic liver
Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol.
Rambaldi A, Gluud C.
S-adenosyl-L-methionine for alcoholic liver diseases.
Syst Rev. 2001;CD002235.
Lieber CS, Casini A, DeCarli LM, et al.
S-adenosyl-L-methionine attenuates alcohol-induced liver injury in the baboon.
Barak AJ, Beckenhauer HC, Tuma DJ.
Betaine, ethanol and the liver: a review.
AJ, Beckenhauer HC, Junnila M, et al. Dietary betaine promotes generation of
hepatic S-adenosylmethionine and protects the liver from ethanol-induced fatty
Alcohol Clin Exp Res.
Murakami T, Nagamura Y,
Hirano K. The recovering effect of betaine on carbon tetrachloride-induced
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol.
Kanbak G, Inal M, Baycu
C. Ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity and protective effect of betaine.
Cell Biochem Funct.
Leo MA, Lieber CS. Alcohol, vitamin A,
and beta-carotene: adverse interactions, including hepatotoxicity and
Am J Clin Nutr.
Ni R, Leo MA, Zhao J,
Lieber CS. Toxicity of beta-carotene and its exacerbation by acetaldehyde in
Veh I, Chatterjee SS, Kiianmaa K, et al.
Reduction of voluntary ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring AA-rats by kava
extract. Presented at International Congress and 49th Meeting of the Society
for Medicinal Plant Research; September 2-6, 2001; Erlangen, Germany.
Rambaldi A, Jacobs B, Gluud C. Milk thistle for alcoholic and/or hepatitis B or C virus liver diseases.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Saller R, Brignoli R, Melzer J, et al. An updated systematic review with meta-analysis for the clinical evidence of silymarin.
Forsch Komplement Med.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.