Psychological Therapies

There are different types of psychological therapies that are available to treat fibromyalgia. Examples include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—This is a form of talk therapy that focuses on your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
  • Relaxation-based therapy—This includes learning strategies, like meditation, to reduce stress.
  • Biofeedback —During a biofeedback session, a therapist guides you to relax certain muscles or control breathing, while an electronic device shows your body’s response.

Other therapies that may help to alleviate fibromyalgia pain and symptoms, include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Heat treatments
  • Massage
  • Acupuncture
  • Trigger point therapy
  • Myofascial release (a special type of therapy that involves manipulating connective tissue with pressure)

See alternative and complementary therapies for more information about acupuncture and fibromyalgia.